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Year 4

Science Planning Knowledge Content, and Working Scientifically Skills

In Year 4 pupils should be taught

 

Code

Living Things and their Habitats

LTH1

recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways

LTH2

explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment

LTH3

recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.

 

Animals including Humans

AH1

describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

AH2

identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

AH3

construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

 

States of Matter

SM1

compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases

SM2

observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C)

SM3

identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

 

Sound

S1

identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating

S2

recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear

S3

find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it

S4

find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it

S5

recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.

 

Electricity

E1

identify common appliances that run on electricity

E2

construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers

E3

identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery

E4

recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit

E5

recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.

 

Working Scientifically

WS1

asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them

WS2

setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests

WS3

making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers

WS4

gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions

WS5

recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables

WS6

reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions

WS7

using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions

WS8

identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

WS9

using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings

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